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Research Article |

Development of an Appropriate Clove Threshing Machine to Increase the Productivity of Clove Farmers in Munduk-Buleleng, Bali, Indonesia

Clove plants are one of the agricultural commodities with high economic value. Good as spices, clove cigarette mixtures, ingredients for making medicines and ingredients for making essential oils. In the process of harvesting cloves, the process of separating clove flowers from their stalks still has many obstacles. The process currently carried out by farmers is by the manual method, namely by swiping clove flowers that are still integrated with the stalk into the palm of the farmer's hand. This process is time-consuming and can hurt the hands. If the process of separating clove flowers with their stalks is done at a slow tempo, it will harm farmers because if not dried immediately after picking it will reduce the quality of the cloves. For this reason, it is necessary to develop an appropriate clove threshing machine to increase the productivity of clove farmers. This research uses experimental methods in the form of making tools which include the stages of observation of needs, tool design, prototyping, trials, measurement of workload, production results and productivity. Workload is calculated based on the worker's pulse, production output is measured based on the output of threshed clove flowers, and labor productivity is calculated based on the ratio between output (production output) and input (workload) multiplied by his working time. The conclusion of the study showed that the designed clove threshing machine can speed up the process of separating clove flowers from their stalks compared to separating clove flowers from their stalks by manual method. The use of this clove threshing machine was able to reduce the workload on clove farmers by 11.8%, increase the production yield of threshing clove flowers by 324.6%, and increase the work productivity of clove farmers by 3 425.0%. It is recommended that clove flower growers should use ergonomic threshing machines in order to reduce workload and increase production yield and work productivity.

Clove Threshing Machine, Appropriate Technology, Clove Farmer Productivity

Ida Bagus Puspa Indra, I Made Arsawan, Anak Agung Ngurah Bagus Mulawarman, I Ketut Gde Juli Suarbawa, M. Yusuf. (2023). Development of an Appropriate Clove Threshing Machine to Increase the Productivity of Clove Farmers in Munduk-Buleleng, Bali, Indonesia. American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, 8(4), 210-216.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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