Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 148-157
Novel Approach for Forecasting and Assessing the Relationship Between the Environment Friendly Fibres Production Process and Fibres Properties
Basel Younes, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kalamoon, Damascus, Syria; Faculty of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria
Received: May 1, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 4, 2020;       Published: Nov. 16, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajset.20200504.13      View  23      Downloads  25
Abstract
This research will provide statistical forecasting models for the relationship between the production process and biodegradable aliphatic-aromatic co-polyester fibre properties. Spin draw ratio, birefringence, drawability, die head pressure, crystallographic order as full-width half-maximum, count, tensile properties, diameter, and thermal shrinkage was tested, analyzed and modeled using factorial experimental designs. Appropriate statistical methods were applied, and a model for specifying the direction of increasing or decreasing of the significant process parameters was identified. A statistical forecasting program was typically designed for optimizing fibers extrusion processes using Microsoft Visual Basic program, and then the predicted and calculated results were evaluated. The main goal of current research is to give basics for the novel optimization approach, and how these novel modeling methodologies will help polymer designers in making the best experimental decision, saving the power, the time and the cost. The statistical models and designed programs are important for controlling the production process to enhance fibre properties. The produced fibres could be used for different textile applications, as an alternative to commercial chemical fibres at reasonable cost.
Keywords
Environment Friendly, Bio-fibres, Melt-Spinning, Water Cooling, Statistical Analyzing, Forecasting
To cite this article
Basel Younes, Novel Approach for Forecasting and Assessing the Relationship Between the Environment Friendly Fibres Production Process and Fibres Properties, American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 148-157. doi: 10.11648/j.ajset.20200504.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
A. Steinbüchel, Biopolymers Vol. 10: General Aspects and Special Applications Vol. 10, Wiley-VCH, Germany, 2003.
[2]
N. Tasnim, "Eco-friendly Manufacturing Process of Casein Fiber with It’s Sustainable Features & Comfortable Uses," American Journal of Environmental Engineering, 9: 2 (2019), 31-35
[3]
R. Smith, Biodegradable Polymers for Industrial Applications, Woodhead Publishing Limited, England, 2005.
[4]
H. R. T. A. B. Abdul Jabbar Muhammad Tausif, Muhammad Rehan Asghar Bhatti & Ghulam Abbas, "Polylactic acid/lyocell fibre as an eco-friendly alternative to polyethylene terephthalate/cotton fibre blended yarns and knitted fabrics," The Journal of The Textile Institute, 111: 1 (2020), 129-138.
[5]
W. Holding, Biodegradable Polymer Supply Chains: Implications and Opportunities for Australian Agriculture, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Australia 2004.
[6]
Monsanto, "Biopolymers to Give Cotton Fibers Synthetic-Like Qualities," Monsanto company, U.S.A, 2003.
[7]
C. Bastioli, Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers, Rabra Technology, Shawbury, UK, 2005.
[8]
G. K. Hoeschele, "Thermostabile Polyester-Block-Copolymere," US Patent 3 954 689 (1976).
[9]
Y. Chen, L. Tan, L. Chen, Y. Yang, and X. Wang, "Study on Biodegradable Aromatic/Aliphatic Copolyester," Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 25: 2 (2008), 321-335.
[10]
W. Xiao-Hui, S. Jun, C. Ying, F. Zhi-Feng, and S. Yan, "Study on Structure and Crystallinity of a New Biodegradable Aliphatic-Aromatic Copolyester," Petrochemical Research, 13: 4 (2011), 64-69.
[11]
S. S. Park, S. H. Chae, and S. S. Im, "Transesterification and crystallization behavior of poly (butylene succinate)/poly (butylene terephthalate) block copolymers," Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry 36: 1 (1998), 147-156.
[12]
R. A. Hayes, "Aliphatic-aromatic copolyesters," US Patent 6485819 (2002).
[13]
P. Pan and Y. Inoue, "Polymorphism and isomorphism in biodegradable polyesters," Progress in Polymer Science: 34 (2009), 605-640.
[14]
H. C. Ki and O. O. Park, "Synthesis, characterization and biodegradability of the biodegradable aliphatic–aromatic random copolyesters," Polymer, 42 (2001), 1849-1861.
[15]
Y. Tokiwa, T. Suzoki, and J. Appl, "Hydrolysis of copolyesters containing aromatic and aliphatic ester blocks by lipase," Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 26: 2 (1981), 441-448.
[16]
H.-J. Jin, B.-Y. Lee, M.-N. Kim, and J.-S. Yoon, "Thermal and mechanical properties of mandelic acid-copolymerized poly (butylene succinate) and poly (ethylene adipate)," Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, 38 (2000), 1504-1511.
[17]
"Standard guide for assessing the compostability of environmentally degradable plastics, D 6002-96," American Society for Testing and Materials, Washington, D.C. (1996).
[18]
H. Sawada, "ISO standard activities in standardization of biodegradability of plastics-development of test methods and definitions," Polymer degradation and Stability, 59 (1998), 365-370.
[19]
M. P. Pavlov, J. F. Mano, N. M. Neves, and R. L. Reis, "Fibres and 3D mesh scaffolds from Biodegradable starch based blends: production and characterization," Macromolecular bioscience 4 (2004), 776-784.
[20]
Y. Chen, R. Wombacher, J. H. Wendorff, J. Visjager, P. Smith, and A. Greiner, "Design, Synthesis, and Properties of New Biodegradable Aromatic/Aliphatic Liquid Crystalline Copolyesters," Biomacromolecules, 4: 4 (2003), 974 -980.
[21]
L. Han, G. Zhu, W. Zhang, and W. Chen, "Composition, Thermal Properties, and Biodegradability of a New Biodegradable Aliphatic/Aromatic Copolyester," Journal of applied polymer science, 113: 2 (2009), 1298-1306.
[22]
L. Averous, "Biodegradable multiphase systems based on plasticized starch: a review," Journal of Macromolecular Science - Polymer Reviews, 44: 3 (2004), 231-274.
[23]
P. Prowans, M. E. Fray, and J. Slonecki, "Biocompatibility studies of new multiblock poly (ester-ester) s composed of poly (butylene terephthalate) and dimerized fatty acid," Biomaterials, 23: 14 (2002), 2973-2978.
[24]
M. Renke-Gluszko and M. E. Fray, "The effect of simulated body fluid on the mechanical properties of multiblock poly (aliphatic/aromatic-ester) copolymers," Biomaterials, 25: 21 (2004), 5191-5198.
[25]
L. Fumin, W. A. Haile, M. E. Tincher, and W. S. Harris, "Bio-Degradable Copolyester Nonwoven Fabric," European Patent EP1330350 (2003).
[26]
Author, "Biodegradable Aliphatic-Aromatic Copolyester for use in Nonwoven Webs," U.S. Patent 2008).
[27]
Author, "Bio-degradable Copolyester Nonwoven Fabric," U.S. Patent 2002).
[28]
M. Râpă, M. E. Popa, P. Cinelli, A. Lazzeri, R. Burnichi, A. Mitelut, and E. Grosu, "Biodegradable alternative to plastics for agriculture application," ACRomanian Biotechnological Letters, 16: 6 (2011), 59-64.
[29]
Author, "Biodegradable Aliphatic-Aromatic Copolyesters, Methods of Manufacture, and Articles Thereof " U.S. Patent 03/24/2011).
[30]
Eastman polymers for fibres, Eastman chemical company, USA, 2002.
[31]
R. S. Blackburn, Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres, Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge, UK, 2005.
[32]
M. Rolf-Joachim, K. Ilona, and D. Wolf-Dieter, "Biodegradation of polyesters containing aromatic constituents," Journal of biotechnology, 86: 2 (2001), 87-95.
[33]
U. Witt, R.-J. Muller, and W.-D. Deckwer, "New biodegradable polyester-copolyesters from commodity chemicals with favorable use properties," Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 3: 4 (1995), 215-223.
[34]
B. Younes, "Simple Rheological Analysis Method of Spinnable-Polymer Flow Properties Using MFI Tester," Indian Journal of Materials Science: 2015 (2015), 1-8.
[35]
U. Witt, R.-J. Müller, and W.-D. Deckwer, "Studies on sequence distribution of aliphatic/aromatic copolyesters by high-resolution C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for evaluation of biodegradability," Makromol Chem Phys, 197 (1996), 1525-1535.
[36]
S. Lim, J. Lee, S. Jang, S. Lee, K. Lee, H. Choi, and J. Chin, "Synthetic Aliphatic Biodegradable Poly (butylene succinate)/Clay Nanocomposite Foams with High Blowing Ratio and Their Physical Characteristics," Polymer Engineering and Science, 123 (2011), 1316-1325.
[37]
R. H. Lochner and J. E. Mater, Design for Quality, Chapman and Hall, London 1990.
[38]
J. C. Moreland, J. L. Sharp, and P. J. Brown, "Lab-Scale Fiber Spinning Experimental Design Cost Comparison," Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, 5: 1 (2010), 39-49.
[39]
S. S. N. Perera, "Viscoelastic Effect in the Non-Isothermal Melt Spinning Processes," Applied Mathematical Sciences, 3: 4 (2009), 177-186.
[40]
G. X. Wang and E. F. Matthys, "Modelling of rapid solidification by meltspinning: effect of heat transfer in the cooling substrate," Materials Science and Engineering: A, 136 (1991), 85-97.
[41]
A. Ziabicki, L. Jarecki, and A. Wasiak, "Dynamic modelling of melt spinning," Computational and Theoretical Polymer Science, 8: 1/2 (1998), 143-157.
[42]
T. Kotze, Two Dimensional Modelling of PET Melt Spinning: The effects of heat transfer limitations on the quality of PET yarn produced during melt spinning, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2010.
[43]
W. He, S. Zhang, and X. Wang, "Mechanical Behavior of Irregular Fibers, Part I: Modeling the Tensile Behavior of Linear Elastic Fibers," Textile Research Journal, 71: 6 (2001), 556-560.
[44]
D. Bingol, N. Tekin, and M. Alkan, "Brilliant Yellow dye adsorption onto sepiolite using a full factorial design," Applied Clay Science, 50: 3 (2010), 315-321.
[45]
T. O. Hanci, I. A. Alaton, and G. Basar, "Multivariate analysis of anionic, cationic and nonionic textile surfactant degradation with the H 2 O 2 /UV-C process by using the capabilities of response surface methodology," Journal of Hazardous Materials, 185,: 1 (2011), 193-203.
[46]
A. B. Engin, Ö. Özdemir, M. Turan, and A. Z. Turan, "Color removal from textile dyebath effluents in a zeolite fixed bed reactor: Determination of optimum process conditions using Taguchi method," Journal of Hazardous Materials, 159: 2-3 (2008), 348-353.
[47]
I. Krucinska, "The influence of technological parameters on the filtration efficiency of electret needled non-woven fabrics," Article Journal of Electrostatics, 56: 2 (2002), 143-153.
[48]
W. P. Gardiner and G. Gettinby, Experimental Design Techniques in Statistical Practice, A practical Software-Based Approach, Horwood Publishing Limited, Chichester, England, 1998.
[49]
B. Younes, S. C. Ward, R. M. Christie, and S. Vettese, "Textile applications of commercial photochromic dyes: part 7. A statistical investigation of the influence of photochromic dyes on the mechanical properties of thermoplastic fibres," The Journal of The Textile Institute, 110: 5 (2019), 780-790.
[50]
J. G. Vlachogiannis and R. K. Roy, "Robust PID controllers by taguchi method" The TOM magazine, 17: 5 (2005), 456-466.
[51]
B. Younes, "A Statistical Investigation of the Influence of the Multi-Stage Hot-Drawing Process on the Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Linear Aliphatic-Aromatic Co-Polyester Fibers," Advances in Materials Science and Applications, 3: 4 (2014), 186-202.
[52]
B. Younes, The Statistical Modelling of Production Processes of Biodegradable Aliphatic Aromatic Co-Polyester Fibres used in the Textile Industry, PhD Thesis, Heriot-Watt University, 2012.
[53]
B. Younes, "Modelling of the blend ratio effect on the mechanical properties of the biofibres," The Journal of The Textile Institute 108: 5 (2017), 692-702.
[54]
B. Younes, "Classification, characterization, and the production processes of biopolymers used in the textiles industry," The Journal of The Textile Institute, 108: 5 (2017), 674-682.
[55]
X. Chen, Modelling and predicting textile behaviour, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, UK, 2010.
[56]
G. Tanguchi, Introduction to Quality Engineering, Asian productivity organization, Tokyo, 1986.
[57]
J. N. Cawse, Experimental Design for Combinatorial and High Throughput Materials Development, John Wiley and Sons, Inc, USA, 2003.
[58]
STATGRAPHICS, "STATGRAPHICS Plus Version 5.1," USA (2001).
[59]
H. Brody, Synthetic fibre materials, Longman group UK limited London, 1994.
[60]
V. Capasso, Mathematical modelling for polymer processing, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 2003.
[61]
W. Callister, Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1999.
[62]
B. Younes, "Investigating the co-effect of twist and hot drawing processes on the bio-based yarns properties," The Journal of The Textile Institute, 111: 2 (2020), 202-213.
[63]
J. v. Meerveld, M. Hutter, and G. W. M. Peters, "Continuum model for the simulation of fiber spinning, with quiescent and flow-induced crystallization," J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech, 150 (2008), 177-195.
[64]
A. Ziabicki, Fundamental of Fibre Formation, John Wiley &Sons, London, 1976.
Browse journals by subject