Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 10-20
Prediction of the Mechanical Power in Wind Turbine Powered Car UsingVelocity Analysis
Youssef Kassem, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus
Hüseyin Çamur, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus
Abdelrahman Alghazali, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus
Received: Oct. 6, 2017;       Accepted: Feb. 3, 2018;       Published: Mar. 2, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajset.20180301.12      View  979      Downloads  61
Savonius is a drag type vertical axis wind turbine. Savonius wind turbines have a low cut-in speed and can operate at low wind speed. It is suitable for small scale power generation, such as individual domestic installations. In this paper, investigation into the relationship between the type of Savonius rotor, the torque and the mechanical power generated was carried out. Also an illustration on how the type of rotor plays an important role in the prediction of mechanical power of wind turbine powered car. The main purpose of this paper is to predict and investigate the aerodynamic effects by means of velocity analysis on the performance of a wind turbine powered car by converting the wind energy to mechanical energy to overcome load applied on the rotating main shaft. The predicted result based on theoretical analysis is compared with experimental results obtained from literature. Prediction of the torque was done at a wind speed of 4 m/s, and an angular velocity of 130 RPM according to meteorological statistics in Northern Cyprus.
Mechanical Power, Torque, Savonius Rotor, Velocity Analysis, Wind Car
To cite this article
Youssef Kassem, Hüseyin Çamur, Abdelrahman Alghazali, Prediction of the Mechanical Power in Wind Turbine Powered Car UsingVelocity Analysis, American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2018, pp. 10-20. doi: 10.11648/j.ajset.20180301.12
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
World wind energy report.: World Wind Energy Association, March (2010)
I. Ushiyama, H. Nagai.: Optimum design configurations and performance of Savonius rotors, Wind Engineering, pp. 59–75 (1988)
N.H. Mahmoud, A.A. El-Haroun, E. Wahbaa, and M.H. Nasef.: An experimental study on improvement of Savonius rotor performance, Alexandria Engineering Journal, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp.19–25 (2012)
BhaskarJyotiChoudhury and GauravSaraf.: Computational Analysis of Flow around a Two-Bladed Savonius Rotor, ISESCO JOURNAL of Science and Technology, Volume 10 - Number 17, pp. 39-48 (2014)
Mohammed Hadi Ali.: Experimental Comparison Study for Savonius Wind Turbine of Two & Three Blades At Low Wind Speed, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), Vol. 3, Issue. 5, pp-2978-2986 (2013)
KonradKacprazak, GrzegorzLiskiewicz and KrzyztofSobczak.: Numerical investigation of conventional and modified Savinous wind turbine, Renewable Energy 60, pp. 578-585 (2013)
Kawamura T., Hayashi T., Miyashita K.: Application of the domain decomposition method to the flow around the Savonius rotor, 12th International Conference on Domain Decomposition Methods, T Chan, T Kako, H Kawarada and O Pironneau (Editors), (2001)
Sargolzaei J.: Prediction of the power ratio and torque in wind turbine Savonius rotors using artificial neural networks, Proceedings of the WSEAS International Conference on Renewable Energy Sources, Arcachon, France (2007)
H. E. Gad, A. A. Abd El-Hamid, W. A. El-Askary, and M. H. Nasef.: A New Design of Savonius Wind Turbine: Numerical Study, CFD Letters, Vol. 6 (4) (2014)
Kamoji MA,Kedare SB, Pradhu SV, Experimental Investigation on the effect of overlap ration and blade edge conditions on the performance of conventional Savonius rotor, J wind Eng, 32:163-78 (2008)
Saha UK., Thotla S., Maity D., Optimum design Configuration of Savonius rotor through wind tunnel experiments, JWindEngIndAerodyn, 96:1359-75 (2008)
KeumSooJeon, Jun IkJeong, Jar-Kyung Pan and Ki-WahnRyu, Effects of end plates with various shapes and sizes on helical Savonius wind turbines, Renewable Energy 79: 167-176 (2015)
Bhaumik T., Gupta R. Performance measurement of a two-bladed helical Savonius rotor, Proceedings of the 37th National & 4th International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power, IIT Madras, Chennai, India. (2010)
Kamoji M. A., Kedare S. B. et al., Performance tests on helical Savonius rotor, Renewable Energy, 34(3), 521-529 (2009)
Eecofriend, Wing Powered Racing: DTU all set for the windy race!, 2008. http://www.ecofriend.com/wing-powered-racing-dtu-all-set-for-the-windy-race.htmlAccessed 12 June 2015
Ventomobile: World’s first wind-powered race car!, IOP Publishing Ecofriend. http://www.ecofriend.com/ventomobile-world-s-first-wind-powered-race-car.html (2008). Accessed 12 June 2015
Jeremy Jacquot, Ventomobile, World's First Wind-Powered Race Car, Ready for Primetime, IOP Publishing treehugger. http://www.treehugger.com/cars/ventomobile-worlds-first-wind-powered-race-car-ready-for-primetime.html (2008). Accessed 12 June 2015
Lin Edwards, Wind-powered car goes downwind faster than the wind, IOP Publishing phys.org..http://phys.org/news194851568.html (2010). Accessed 13 June 2015
BBC NEWS, Wind-powered car breaks record, IOP Publishing news.bbchttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/7968860.stm (2009). Accessed 14 June 2015
Wind-powered car sets records in a 3,100-mile road test, IOP Publishing USA Alternative Energy NOW. http://usaalternativeenergynow.blogspot.com/2011/02/wind-powered-car-sets-records-in-3100.html (2010). Accessed 12 June 2015
Katie Gatto, Wind-powered car completes 3,100 mile test ride across Australia, IOP Publishing phys.org. http://phys.org/news/2011-02-wind-powered-car-mile-australia.html (2011).Accessed 13 June 2015
Mathew Sathyajith.: Basic of wind Energy Conversion — from Wind Energy: Fundamentals, Resource Analysis and Economics, Springer, Berlin Heideberge New York, pp 22 (2006)
Ahmad Hemami.:Wind Turbine Basic Types: Analysis and Characteristics — fromWind Turbine Technology, Unite State of America, Cengage Learning, PP.58 (2012)
IEA, Key Word Energy Statistics, (2002)
GWEC, Global Wind Energy Council.: Gloable wind energy outlook (2006)
Frederikus W., Andy S., Hadi A.: An experimental study on the performance of Savonius wind turbines related with the number of the blades, 2nd international conference on sustainable energy engineering and Application, ICSEEA 2014, Energy Procedia 68 297-304 (2015)
Peter R.N. Childs, Bevel Gears, Mechanical Design Engineering Handbook, Elsevier Ltd, Chapter 10, PP 403–438, (2014)doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-097759-1.00010-1
ArefBahramiGhahnavieh, SalehAkbarzadeh, PeimanMosaddegh,.: A numerical study on the performance of straight bevel gears operating under mixed lubrication regime, Mechanism and Machine Theory, 75: 27–40(2014)
R. Keith Mobley.: Gear and Gearbox - from Plant Engineer's Handbook, Butterworth-Heinemann, pp. 636 (2001)
Gitin M. Maitra.: Straight Bevel Gears — from Handbook of Gear Design, second edition, New Delhi, Tata McGraw-Hill (1989)
Oliver Inderwildi‏ and Sir David King‏.: Using Electric Vehicles for Road Transport, Energy — fromTransport, & the Environment: Addressing the Sustainable Mobility paradigm, Springer, London, pp223,ISBN: 978-1-4471-2716-1
Energy Losses in a Vehicle, IOP Publishing Consumer energy center.http://www.consumerenergycenter.org/transportation/consumer_tips/vehicle_energy_losses.html (2002). Accessed 15 June 2015
Xi Zhang‏and Chris Mi.: Vehicle Power Management Basic concept, Vehicle Power Management: Modeling, Control and Optimization, Springer, London, pp 13 (2011)
William Graebe.: Turbulent viscous flow — from Engineering Fluid Mechanics, Unite State of America, pp. 384 (2001)
Browse journals by subject