American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Ergonomic Multifunctional Building Tool Design to Increase Work Productivity of Msmes Employees

In culinary businesses that are members of MSMEs or small food processing industries, grating work is usually done manually. The tools used for grating are usually also simple. Sometimes grating work, such as grating coconuts, sweet potatoes, cassava, and so on, is done by paying for grating services. This is considered less effective and adds time and costs that continue to come out. Manual grating can also increase the risk of work accidents in the form of wounds on the hands, grating, or fatigue. Complaints in the arm muscles, it takes longer, causing less than optimal employee work productivity. Therefore, a shaving tool is needed Ergonomic multi-function as a solution to these problems. This research was conducted experimentally by making a multifunctional design tool that was applied to MSMEs employees in Tabanan Regency. Workload was calculated based on employee work pulse measured using a pulse meter, skeletal muscle complaints were measured using the Nordic Body Map questionnaire, work fatigue was calculated using 30 general fatigue questionnaire items and work productivity was calculated based on grater results divided by workload and working time. Test the difference between treatments using the t-pair test statistic at a 95% significance level. The results showed that the use of multifunctional shaving tools can significantly reduce workload, skeletal muscle complaints, and employee work fatigue. The use of this multifunctional contractor is also able to significantly increase employee work productivity. Therefore, it is recommended that this multifunctional contractor can be used for MSMEs engaged in culinary.

Multifunctional Shrinking Tool, Ergonomics, Work Productivity

APA Style

I Gede Santosa, M. Yusuf. (2023). Ergonomic Multifunctional Building Tool Design to Increase Work Productivity of Msmes Employees. American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, 8(4), 189-193. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajset.20230804.12

ACS Style

I Gede Santosa; M. Yusuf. Ergonomic Multifunctional Building Tool Design to Increase Work Productivity of Msmes Employees. Am. J. Sci. Eng. Technol. 2023, 8(4), 189-193. doi: 10.11648/j.ajset.20230804.12

AMA Style

I Gede Santosa, M. Yusuf. Ergonomic Multifunctional Building Tool Design to Increase Work Productivity of Msmes Employees. Am J Sci Eng Technol. 2023;8(4):189-193. doi: 10.11648/j.ajset.20230804.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. A. Choobineh, S. Tabatabaei, M. Tozihian, and F. Ghadami, “Musculoskeletal problems among workers of an Iranian communication company,” Indian J. Occup. Environ. Med., vol. 11, no. 1, p. 32, 2007.
2. E. P. L. Kasper, “Design of systems for productivity and well being,” J. Appl. Ergon., vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 26–32, 2014.
3. K. H. E. Kroemer and E. Grandjean, Fitting The Task To The Human, Fifth Editione A Textbook Of Occupational Ergonomics. London: CRC Press, 2009.
4. D. Summers, A. Sarris, J. Harries, and N. Kirby, “The development of a brief and practical work safety climate measure,” Int. J. Ind. Ergon., vol. 87, p. 103255, 2022.
5. A. Manuaba, “Total approach is a must for small and medium enterprises to attain sustainable working conditions and environment, with special reference to Bali, Indonesia,” Ind. Health, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 22–26, 2006.
6. R. S. Bridger, Introduction to Ergonomics, 3rd Edition. London: Taylor & Francis, 2008.
7. T. Budiyanto and M. Yusuf, “Improvement of Wok Molding Station Increases Work Comfort and Productivity of the Workers,” Int. J. Psychosoc. Rehabil., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 8883–8892, 2020.
8. A. Manuaba, “Accelerating OHS-Ergonomics Program By Integrating ’Built-In” Within The Industry’s Economic Development Scheme Is A Must-With Special Attention To Small And Medium Enteprises (SMEs),” in Proceedings the 21st Annual Conference of The Asia Pasific Occupational Safety & Health Organization, 2005.
9. A. Manuaba, “Research and application of ergonomics in developing countries, with special reference to Indonesia,” Indones. J. Ergon., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 24–30, 2000.
10. N. Adiputra, “Pulse Rate and Its Use in Ergonomics,” Indones. J. Ergon., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2002.
11. M. Helander, A Guide to Human Factors and Ergonomics, vol. 51, no. 6. 2006.
12. W. Susihono and I. P. Gede Adiatmika, “Assessment of inhaled dust by workers and suspended dust for pollution control change and ergonomic intervention in metal casting industry: A cross-sectional study,” Heliyon, vol. 6, no. 5, p. e04067, 2020.
13. S. J. Pocock, Clinical trials: a practical approach. John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
14. N. J. La Delfa, R. L. Whittaker, R. M. E. Lockley, D. E. Fournier, and C. R. Dickerson, “The sensitivity of shoulder muscle fatigue to vertical hand location during complex manual force exertions,” Int. J. Ind. Ergon., vol. 88, p. 103272, 2022.
15. S. Mohamaddan et al., “Investigation of oil palm harvesting tools design and technique on work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper body,” Int. J. Ind. Ergon., vol. 86, p. 103226, 2021.
16. I. G. Santosa and M. Yusuf, “The Application of a Dryer Solar Energy Hybrid to Decrease Workload and Increase Dodol Production in Bali,” Int. Res. J. Eng. IT Sci. Res., vol. 3, no. 6, Nov. 2017.
17. A. S. Oestergaard, T. F. Smidt, K. Søgaard, and L. F. Sandal, “Musculoskeletal disorders and perceived physical work demands among offshore wind industry technicians across different turbine sizes: A cross-sectional study,” Int. J. Ind. Ergon., vol. 88, p. 103278, 2022.
18. F. K. Kimberly, “The Effect of Shift Work on Fatigue of Palm Oil Mill Workers at PT. X Labuhan Batu. Journal of Industrial Engineering,” J. Ind. Eng., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 110–117, 2011.
19. G. Kar and A. Hedge, “Effects of a sit-stand-walk intervention on musculoskeletal discomfort, productivity, and perceived physical and mental fatigue, for computer-based work,” Int. J. Ind. Ergon., vol. 78, p. 102983, 2020.
20. M. Irfan, “Measurement Of Mental Workload And Fatigue Of Production,” Int. J. Serv. Sci. Manag. Eng. Technol., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 11–13, 2022.
21. M. Yusuf, “Design of Jewel Stone Sharpener to Increase Jewel Worker Work Productivity in Bali,” in International Conference on Engineering, Technology, and Industrial Application (ICETIA), 2014, pp. 353–357.
22. I. K. G. J. Suarbawa and M. Yusuf, “Effect of Heat Radiation on Work Load and Gamelan Crafts Productivity,” Log. J. Ranc. Bangun dan Teknol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 64–69, 2021.