American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

An Assessment of Residential Buildings to Identify Strategies Towards Building Sustainability

The aim of this study is to identify strategies for a sustainable residential building. Building sustainability can simply be described as the ease of using a building with little or no cost over a period of performance and efficiency. Sustainable Architecture is a path to elongating the dilapidating process of a structure. Architectural sustainability is still in its infancy in many countries. Therefore, there is a need to establish possible innovations and strategies in the collaborative design and construction of sustainable buildings. This research conducted a review of established sustainable strategies and recommended the most effective and efficient strategies for the tropics. Hence, this study evaluates the degree to which residential buildings adhere to sustainable design principles. Buildings were assessed based on their use of appliances, passive/bioclimatic factors, and renewable energy technologies. This was accomplished using a quantitative analysis in addition to a descriptive approach to the data gathered. In order to assess differing measures on potential sustainable techniques and technologies that can be used in residential buildings, related literature was reviewed to identify strategies towards building sustainability. The study goes on to emphasize the significance of energy balance in buildings and concludes that developers and clients are not sufficiently informed about passive design strategies, consequently a higher reliance (of 50.4%) on appliances to compensate for the inefficient residential designs.

Buildings, Efficiency, Performance, Sustainability, Tropics

APA Style

Noah Gethsemane Akhimien. (2023). An Assessment of Residential Buildings to Identify Strategies Towards Building Sustainability. American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, 8(4), 184-188.

ACS Style

Noah Gethsemane Akhimien. An Assessment of Residential Buildings to Identify Strategies Towards Building Sustainability. Am. J. Sci. Eng. Technol. 2023, 8(4), 184-188. doi: 10.11648/j.ajset.20230804.11

AMA Style

Noah Gethsemane Akhimien. An Assessment of Residential Buildings to Identify Strategies Towards Building Sustainability. Am J Sci Eng Technol. 2023;8(4):184-188. doi: 10.11648/j.ajset.20230804.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Adgate JL, Ramachandran G, Pratt GC, Waller LA, Sexton K (2002). Spatial and temporal variability in outdoor, indoor, and personal PM2.5 exposure. Atmos. Environ. 36: 3255–3265.
2. Asif M, Muneer T, Kelly R (2007). Life cycle assessment: A case study of a dwelling home in Scotland. Build. Environ. 42: 1391–1394.
3. Bodewing Kurt (2001). “Guideline for Sustainable Building”, Federal Ministry of Transport, Building, and Housing, January, pp. 01.
4. Boyle CA (2005). Sustainable buildings, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers Engineering Sustainability, 158 March, Issue ES1, pp. 41– 48.
5. Fowler KM, Rauch EM (2008). Assessing green building performance: a post occupancy evaluation of 12 GSA Buildings, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Report number PNNL-17393.
6. Giudice F, La Rosa G Risitano A (2005) Materials selection in the Life-Cycle Design process: A method to integrate mechanical and environmental performances in optimal choice. Mater. Des. 26: 9–20.
7. Hariwan N, Zebari Rojhat K, Ibrahim (2016) Methods & Strategies for Sustainable Architecture in Kurdistan Region, Iraq, Procedia Environmental Sciences. 34: 202–211.
8. Hill RC, Bowen PA (1997). Sustainable construction: Principles and a framework for attainment. Construct. Manag. Econ. 15: 223–239.
9. Ilha MSO, Oliveira LH, Gonçalves OM (2009). Environmental assessment of residential buildings with an emphasis on water conservation. Build. Serv. Eng. Res. Technol. 30: 15–26.
10. Lee WL, Chen H (2008) Benchmarking Hong Kong and China energy codes for residential buildings, Energy Build. 40: 1628–1636.
11. Lenzen M, Treloar GJ (2002). Embodied energy in buildings: Wood versus concrete-reply to Borjesson and Gustavsson. Energy Policy. 30: 249–244.
12. Levin H (1997). Systematic evaluation and assessment of building environmental performance (ASEABEP). Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Buildings and the Environment, CSTB and CIB, 2, Paris, pp. 3–10.
13. Matthews E, Amann C, Fischer-Kowalski M, Huttler W, Kleijn R, Moriguchi Y, Ottke C, Rodenburg E, Rogich D, Schandl H, Schutz H, van der Voet E, Weisz H (2009). The Weight of Nations: Material Outflows from Industrial Economies; World Resources Institute: Washington, DC, USA, 2000; Available online:
14. Ortiz O, Castells F, Sonnemann G (2009). Sustainability in the construction industry: A review of recent developments based on LCA Constr. Build. Mater. 23: 28–39.
15. Ortiz O, Pasqualino JC, Castells F (2010). Environmental performance of construction waste: Comparing three scenarios from a case study in Catalonia, Spain. Waste Manag. 30: 646–654.
16. Sev A (2009). How can the construction industry contribute to sustainable development? A conceptual framework. Sustain. Dev. 17: 161–173.
17. Uher TE (2003). Absolute Indicators of Sustainable Construction. RICS Research Foundation, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, London, available at